[39], The National Sovereign Conference of 1991 marked a turning point in the post-independence history of Niger and brought about multi-party democracy. Niger also has small borders in its far southwest with Burkina Faso at 628 km (390 mi) and Benin at 266 km (165 mi) and to the north-northeast Libya at 354 km (220 mi). Coordinates: 16°N 8°E / 16°N 8°E / 16; 8.

Niger or the Niger (/ n iː ˈ ʒ ɛər / or / ˈ n aɪ dʒ ər /; French: ), officially the Republic of the Niger, is a landlocked country in West Africa named after the Niger River.Niger is bordered by Libya to the northeast, Chad to the east, Nigeria to the south, Benin to the southwest, Mali to the northwest, Burkina Faso to the southwest, and Algeria to the northwest. The numbers of Animist practitioners are a point of contention. Nigerien society reflects a diversity drawn from the long independent histories of its several ethnic groups and regions and their relatively short period living in a single state. Niger is a developing country, which consistently ranks near the bottom in the United Nations' Human Development Index (HDI); it was ranked 187th of 188 countries for 2015 and 189th out of 189 countries in the 2018 and 2019 reports. [66] Whilst political prisoners of the Diori regime were released after the coup and the country was stabilised, political and individual freedoms in general deteriorated during this period. [20] The sultanate managed to resist the advance of the Sokoto Caliphate (see below), but was later captured by the French in 1899. Join the SPY NINJA NETWORK to help Chad Wild Clay & Vy Qwaint defeat Project Zorgo! The longest border is with Nigeria to the south (1,497 km or 930 mi). Despite a number of high-profile kidnappings the rebellion had largely fizzled out inconclusively by 2009.

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Our knowledge of early Nigerien history is limited by the lack of written sources, though it is known that by at least the 5th century BC the territory of modern Niger had become an area of trans-Saharan trade. It is bounded by Algeria, Libya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, and Mali. Congrats!
[54][46] Bawo was the only son of the Hausa queen Daurama and Bayajidda or (Abu Yazid according to certain Nigerien historians) who came from Baghdad. [102][103][104], Niger has a wide variety of ethnic groups as in most West African countries. Niger subvisions were renamed in 2002, in the implementation of a decentralisation project, first begun in 1998. [24] Agriculture became widespread, notably the planting of millet and sorghum, as well as pottery production. The Mali Empire was a Mandinka empire founded by Sundiata Keita (r. 1230–1255) in circa 1230 and existed up to 1600. [20] The Zarma of the Dosso Kingdom in particular proved amenable to French rule, using them as allies against the encroachments of Hausa and other nearby states; over time the Zarma thus became one of the more educated and westernised groups in Niger. [39] It was also aided by the Arab invasion of North Africa at the end of the 7th century, which resulted in population movements to the south. What do you call someone who hails from Niger? The sector is governed by the Conseil Supérieur de Communications, established as an independent body in the early 1990s, since 2007 headed by Daouda Diallo. [51] Islam had been introduced to the kingdom by Arab traders from the 11th century, gradually gaining more converts over the following centuries. The West African giraffe is currently not found in the W National Park, but further north in Niger, where it has its last relict population. The typical mammal fauna consists of addax antelopes, scimitar-horned oryx, gazelles, and in the mountains, Barbary sheep. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. [49][50] The kingdom reached its greatest extent in the 1200s, largely thanks to the effort of Mai Dunama Dibbalemi (r. 1210–1259), and grew rich from its control of many Trans-Saharan trade routes; much of eastern and south-eastern Niger, notably Bilma and Kaouar, was under Kanem's control in this period. "After a fierce battle ... Fourteen members of security forces in Niger have been killed after "heavily armed terrorists" ambushed their convoy, the government has said. A Voice number works on smartphones and the web so you can place and receive calls from anywhere. A parliamentary election was held at the same time.[89][90][91]. It has the most important population of the rare West African lion and one of the last populations of the Northwest African cheetah.

A majority of the population lives in rural areas and has little access to advanced education. Nearly half of the government's budget is derived from foreign donor resources. It is an annual traditional courtship ritual practiced by the Wodaabe (Fula) people of Niger. [39], Despite the restriction in freedom, the country enjoyed improved economic development as Kountché sought to create a 'development society', funded largely by the uranium mines in Agadez Region. Android iOS Web. 41–60. Record the pronunciation of this word in your own voice and play it to listen to how you have pronounced it. Any other costs or charges such as customs.. [88] This began a political struggle between Tandja, trying to extend his term-limited authority beyond 2009 through the establishment of a Sixth Republic, and his opponents who demanded that he step down at the end of his second term in December 2009.

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